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Field Marshal The Lord Brammall
of Bushfield
KG GCB OBE MC JP




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Field Marshal The Lord Brammall of Bushfield
KG GCB OBE MC JP
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Field Marshal Edwin Noel Westby Bramall, Baron Bramall, KG, GCB, OBE, MC, JP (born 18 December 1923) is a British Army officer who served as Chief of the General Staff, the professional head of the British Army, between 1979 and 1982, and as Chief of the Defence Staff, professional head of the British Armed Forces, from 1982 to 1985.

Bramall is known within his family and to his friends as Dwin. His older brother Ashley Bramall became a barrister, Labour politician and Leader of the Inner London Education Authority, but Bramall decided on a military career early in life.

After attending Eton College he was commissioned into the King's Royal Rifle Corps in 1943. He served in Northwest Europe during the later stages of World War II, receiving the Military Cross for valour in 1945. For two years after the war's end, he served in the occupation of Japan, then served as a peacetime instructor at the School of Infantry. From 1953 to 1958, he was stationed in the Middle East

Continuing his military career, he served two years as an instructor at the Army Staff College, then in 1963 was appointed to serve on Lord Mountbatten's staff.

In 1965 he was appointed Commanding Officer of 2nd Royal Green Jackets which was deployed to Malaysia during the confrontation with Indonesia and in 1967 he was given command of 5th (Airportable) Infantry Brigade.

He was quickly promoted throughout the 1970s, reaching the rank of lieutenant-general in 1973 and full General in 1976. He served as Commander-in-Chief, UK Land Forces from 1976 to 1978, Vice Chief of the Defence Staff from 1978 to 1979, and as Chief of the General Staff from 1979 to 1982. He was promoted to Field Marshal and appointed Chief of the Defence Staff in 1982, serving in that position for three years. Retirement from this post marked the end of his active military career.

After his retirement Bramall served as Lord-Lieutenant of Greater London from 1986 to 1998. He was created Baron Bramall, of Bushfield in the County of Hampshire, in 1987, then further invested as a Knight of the Garter (the United Kingdom's highest order of chivalry) in 1990.

As a Life Peer, he spoke out in the House of Lords against the involvement of the United Kingdom in the Second Iraq War warning that 'unlike naked aggression, terrorism cannot be defeated by massive military means' but by 'competent protection and positive diplomacy'.

 

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